Knee replacement surgery in Denver
The knee is the largest joint in the body and is affected by arthritis more than any other joint. At the Rose Orthopedic & Spine Center, patients are experiencing breakthroughs every day, releasing them from knee pain.
Our team of board-certified surgeons, specially trained joint nurses and skilled occupational and physical therapists work together to provide a personalized experience for every patient undergoing a knee replacement. We offer both total and partial knee replacement procedures.
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Knee conditions we treat
At the Orthopedic & Spine Center at Rose Medical Center, we treat the following conditions affecting the knee joint:
- ACL injury
- Arthritis of the knee
- Knee fracture
- Knee sprain
- Meniscal tear
- PCL injury
- Tendon tear
Am I a candidate for knee replacement surgery?
There is no age requirement to be a candidate for a knee replacement, but many of our knee replacement patients are 50 years old and older. Our expert surgeons evaluate each patient individually.
A patient who will find success with knee replacement surgery experiences pain that is limiting, significant disrupting or completely eliminating the ability to perform everyday tasks, such as standing or walking. Generally, pain has persisted for at least six months.
Patients who seek out knee replacement surgery typically have explored other options, such as medication and/or physical therapy and were unable to find relief. Additionally, X-rays show bone damage, or you may experience deformity (severe swelling of the knee).
Some patients with osteoarthritis of the knee may be candidates for a partial knee replacement. Your surgeon will look at the extent of the osteoarthritis. If it is confined to a single compartment of the knee, you may be a candidate for a partial knee replacement.
Anatomy of the knee
The knee joint is a “hinge” style joint because, like the hinges on a door, the motion it allows is back and forth. The knee also has the ability to rotate (turn) and translate (glide). The knee joint is comprised of three bones:
- Femur (thigh bone)
- Tibia (shin bone)
- Patella (knee cap)
In a normal knee, these bones are covered with a smooth cartilage that cushions the bones and enables them to move easily. There are two groups of muscles in the knee: the quadriceps, located on the front of the thighs, which straighten the leg; and the hamstrings, located in the back of the legs, which help bend the knee.
Knee pain diagnosis
If you visit a physician due to knee pain, your surgeon will take a complete medical history and perform a physical exam. Additionally, the following diagnostic imaging procedures may be performed:
- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
- Computed tomography scan (CT or CAT scan)
Total knee replacement
When performing a total knee replacement, the diseased knee joint is removed and replaced with an artificial knee joint called a prosthesis. A knee prosthesis is made of a combination of metal and plastic or metal and ceramic. There are three basic parts to a replacement joint:
- The femoral component covers your thigh bone
- The tibial component covers the top of your shin bone
- The patellar component covers the underside of your knee cap
The components are either cemented in place or designed to have your own bone grow and adhere to the implant. The type of replacement joint will be selected by your surgeon based on your age, bone quality, conditions of your ligaments and the area of the knee affected.
Your replacement joint is extremely strong and moves together to allow normal motion of the knee joint.
Partial knee replacement
For some people experiencing knee pain, there may only be damage on one side of the knee. For this patient, the partial, or unicompartmental, knee replacement may be a better option because only one side of the joint is resurfaced. More of the natural anatomy can be preserved, and many people get back to regular life faster than those who have a traditional knee replacement.
Knowing what to expect when you’re facing surgery is very important for your recovery. That’s why the Rose Orthopedic & Spine Center team offers pre-op classes for our hip patients. Learn more about in-person classes, or watch our on-demand video.