The cervix is the connection between the uterus and the vagina. The two most common types of cancer in this area are squamous cell (in the cells that line the cervix) and adenocarcinoma (in the cells that make mucus and other fluids).
Signs & Symptoms of Cervical Cancer
Like many cancers, the earliest stage of cervical cancer may produce no symptoms, which is why screening tests are so important. However, symptoms may come in the form of:
- Abnormal bleeding (especially after intercourse)
- Pain during intercourse
- Discharge that is watery or bloody—sometimes heavy and foul smelling
Risk Factors for Cervical Cancer
- Early sexual activity
- Having sexually transmitted diseases
- Many sexual partners
Screenings for Cervical Cancer
Because treatment is most effective at an early stage, when the cancer is often producing symptoms, screening tests are vital. Routine pap tests should begin at age 21 and should be repeated every few years. Additionally, an HPV vaccine is available for girls and women ages 9 to 26, which may help reduce women’s risk of developing cervical cancer.
Cervical Cancer Doctors & Treatment
At Sarah Cannon at Rose Medical Center, our goal is to help you understand your diagnosis, disease, and treatment options through education and support. Learn more about cancer treatment options at Rose.