There are many different types of braces that can be used to mobilize and support the spine, or possibly to correct spinal deformity. Soft braces are used more for muscular support where as rigid braces are used for immobilization. Depending on the condition being treated, your surgeon will have specific instructions on how long your brace should be worn.
Cervical collars may be soft or hard and are used after a cervical injury or cervical surgery. The soft collar is used in a manner similar to the lumbar corset. It is also used for about six weeks after a cervical surgery. The rigid collar is used for more severe instabilities.
Soft Lumbar Corset
The soft lumbar corset is used primarily for muscular support. A lumbar corset may be used in individuals for:
- Extensive arthritis or mild instability conditions of the lumbar spine
- After most lumbar spinal surgeries to provide additional low back support, which helps to prevent the muscles from rapidly fatiguing during the recovery process
- Offers symptomatic relief of a patient's low back pain
- To serve as a reminder to avoid excessive lumbar motion and help proper body mechanics
- Initially, surgeons recommend that the brace be worn when out of bed more than 10-15 minutes at a time
TLSO Brace (Thoraco-Lumbo-Sacral-Orthosis):
- The TLSO brace is a rigid brace used when spinal stability has not been fully achieved either with or without surgical correction. In these circumstances, the brace should be worn when a patient is out of bed more than 10 minutes or upon recommendation from their surgeon.
- It is also used for the correction of scoliosis in growing adolescents. If the curvature is very aggressive and the brace cannot control it, then surgery may be required to correct the scoliosis.